This is a rather interesting museum exhibit: “Australia’s Muslim cameleers: Pioneers of the inland, 1860s-1930s” (link). Some were Afghan, some were from British India (Pashtuns? Others?). Here is an immigration document for one of them from Peshawar:
The story of these cameleers and their role in “opening up” the inland areas of Australia can be read here.
Here is photo of one of the cameleers in 1896 (source):
And here is one of his grandson today, William Bejah, showing his grandfathers compass: